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Liver Knowledge Base:
Liver Functions

The liver is the largest internal organ of the human body and it is in the right upper part of the abdomen. It performs a range of complex and important functions that affect all body systems.

    Some of the specific functions of the liver include:
  • Processing most of the nutrients absorbed by the intestines during digestion and converting those nutrients into forms that can be used by the body. The liver also stores some nutrients, such as vitamin A, iron, and other minerals.
  • Controlling the amounts of sugar (glucose), protein, and fat entering the bloodstream.
  • Removing bilirubin, ammonia, and other toxins from the blood.
  • Producing cholesterol, substances that help blood clot, bile, and certain important proteins (albumin for example) and some protein hormones and growth factors for systemic circulation. .
  • Breaking down (metabolizing) many drugs.






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